Asthma prevention

Asthma prevention

Asthma prevention

Asthma is becoming a very common disease among children and young adults. The disease consists in airway chronic inflammation which causes shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing and chest tightness. According to doctors the combination of genetic and environmental factors contribute to the onset of this illness.

The asthma attacks are combined with periods of normal breath or in extreme cases the individual can have long periods of shortness of breath with short term severe asthma attacks. These attack could last for minutes or hours, but in some cases the attack can last for few days.

Severe symptoms such as Bluish color of the lips and face, confusion, rapid pulse sweating and extreme difficulty breathing require emergency treatment as they suggest the airflow is severely restricted creating a life threatening situation.

The asthma attacks can be triggered by several allergens such as pollens,  dust mites , molds, cockroach allergens and pet dander, or by different irritants such as pollution, fumes and tobacco smoke.

To prevent the asthma attacks, the patient should avoid the allergens and the irritant factors that cause the symptoms. The home and the bedroom usually represent the place where the individual spends the most part of his time so the house should be free of allergens.

Regularly vacuum and carpet remover should keep away the dust and  dust mites. Antiallergenic bed sheets and the use of unscented detergents also help in asthma prevention. The humidity levels should be as low as possible to prevent the growth of molds and the tobacco smoke should be eliminated from the house.

The people that go outside to smoke still bring traces of smoke into the house on their clothes so if a child is allergic to tobacco smoke all family members should quit smoking or to avoid locations with high levels of smoke such as bars and clubs. This way they avoid bringing the allergenic factors into the home.

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