Heart disease major risk factors

Heart disease major risk factors

Heart disease major risk factors

The heart disease is the leading cause of death in adults worldwide. In US only, every 34 seconds a person dies from heart disease and every 20 seconds, a person in the United States has a heart attack. According to the World Health Organization, each year 12 million deaths in the world are caused by cardiovascular diseases.

The countries with the highest death rates caused by heart disease are Russia, Romania, Poland, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Czech Republic. The countries with the lowest death rates are Japan, France, Switzerland, Spain, and Canada.

Cardiovascular disease can take many forms: coronary artery disease, stroke, valvular heart disease, or rheumatic fever/rheumatic heart disease. According to specialists, the Major risk factors of heart disease include: high blood pressure (hypertension), high blood cholesterol, diabetes, obesity, smoking, physical inactivity, gender, heredity and age. Other risk factors that seem to contribute to heart diseases, but in a smaller degree are stress, sex hormones, birth control pills and alcohol.

Some types of heart disease can be prevented by exercising consistently, having a low salt diet, restraining from smoking and losing weight in case of obesity. Healthy diets high in vitamin C, low in sodium, cholesterol, and fat also helps preventing heart disease.

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