NATO missile defense

NATO missile defense

NATO missile defense

The North Atlantic Treaty signed on 4 April 1949 created the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) also called the Atlantic Alliance. Currently, the Alliance consists in 28 member states. At first the main purpose of this alliance was strictly political, but after the Korean War, in 1950s, the Atlantic Alliance was organized also as a military structure ready to protect any member state from an external military attack.

At the beginning of 2010, NATO started a new security program consisting in a missile capability extended to all member states. At this point, the missile defense capability protects only NATO troops deployed against a short and medium range ballistic missile up to a 3000 kilometers range. Now, NATO will focus on creating missile defense system that could protect also the population of all member states, not only the deployed forces.

According to Atlantic Alliance, more than 30 states have missiles that could be used as mass destruction weapons. This fact doesn’t mean that the North Atlantic Alliance members face an imminent attack, but the Alliance has the responsibility to protect all its members against any possible threat.

The missile defense program started in 1990s as a natural response to the increasing proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, including long range missiles. This first part consists in the Theatre Missile Defense, a program that protects the NATO forces. A second phase of this program, Territorial Missile Defense is currently under development.

Is expected that at the Lisbon Summit from November, the strategic concept of Territorial Missile Defense to be adopted. This way, in just few years NATO will be able to defend all allied territory and populations against any missile attacks.

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