With more than 1,3 billion people and a gross domestic product (GDP) of 5,878,000 millions of US dollars, China is one of the top world economies. Ranking first as population and second as economy, China opened towards the West in the last decades. It’s external and economic politics are continuously improving and many see China as a potential superpower. Though there still are some problems that throw a negative shadow over the strong positive image the immense country managed to create itself in the recent years.
People’s Republic of China is one of the last five communist states and is ruled by the Communist Party of China (CPC). The president of China is Hu Jintao who also is the General Secretary of CPC and the other members of the government are also important members of the CPC, so the power is concentrated in just few key members of the single party.
In 2010 Nobel Peace Prize was surprisingly awarded to a Chinese human rights activist, Liu Xiaobo who was in prison. Xiaobo, who is also literary critic, writer, professor, was the president of the Independent Chinese PEN Center since 2003 to 2007, and the president of the “Democratic China” magazine since the mid 1990s.
In 2008 he was arrested for participation to the Charter 08 manifesto and one year later was sentenced to eleven years of imprisonment and two years of deprivation of political rights for “inciting subversion of state power”. He is still in prison and the Nobel prize did not get to him as he was denied to have a representative to collect the prize for him.
Many individuals, states or major organizations all over the world requested his immediate release, but the Chinese authorities rejected all these requests. For now it seems that the conviction of eleven years will be carried out meanwhile Liu’s wife is in house arrest although several human rights organizations and international media promise to continue the fight for his freedom.