The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games

The Olympic Games represent the largest sports competition in the world for both summer and winter sports. Both Summer and Winter Olympic Games are held every four years, alternating every two years.

Thousands of athletes compete in each edition, the Olympic medals being considered the supreme title in many sports. The history of the Olympic Games starts in Ancient Greece in the eighth century BC.

The Ancient Olympic Games were created as a competition between athletes representing different states and kingdoms of Ancient Greece. The Games featured different sport events such as running, boxing, wrestling and chariot racing. The first recorded Olympic champion was Coroebus, a cook from the city of Elis.

The Olympic Games started to lose their importance when the Roman Empire extended over the Greek territories. There is no certain date when the last Ancient Olympic Games were held, but there are some evidences that was around the beginning of forth century AD.

The ground base of the modern Olympic Games was put in 1894 when French Baron Pierre de Coubertin founded the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The first Olympics were held in 1896 on the Panathenaic stadium in Athens. During these Olympic Games 241 athletes representing 14 nations competed in 43 sport events.

Primary, the Olympic Games featured only summer sports, but in 1921, at the Olympic Congress held in Lausanne, the IOC decided to create the Winter Olympic Games. The first Winter Olympic Games were held 1924 in Chamonix, France.

The interest for Olympic Games increased as the number of participants. At the 2008 Summer Olympic Games participated more than 10,000 athletes from 204 countries around the world. The last Winter Olympics gathered only 508 athletes from 80 countries.

The next Summer Olympic Games will be held in 2012 in London, United Kingdom and the next Winter Olympics will be held in 2014 in Sochi, Russia.

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